If the shoulder is injured, a Labral Tear commonly occurs. Causes include incidents such as a fall onto an outstretched hand or shoulder, a direct blow to the shoulder, lifting heavy objects repeatedly, etc.
The top of the arm bone comes out of the socket and stays out. It occurs when forces acting on the shoulder joint are too great for the supporting musculature and ligaments, so the shoulder comes out of its socket.
A break in the collarbone, usually due to impact on the point of the shoulder. It can also be caused by a fall onto an outstretched hand, whereby the force of the fall is transmitted up through the bones of the arm to the clavicle.
Shoulder instability is an inability to maintain the humeral head in the centre of the glenohumeral capsule during shoulder movements due to ligament laxity. There are three types, including Traumatic, Atraumatic and Acquired.
Injury to the A/C joint is usually caused by trauma to the shoulder, either by a direct blow such as a car accident or a tackle in football, or a fall onto an outstretched hand. There is almost always a history of trauma causing pain and swelling around the joint.
Rotator Cuff Tear & Strain and Shoulder Impingement
The 3rd most common cause of pain behind lower back and neck pain. Occurs most commonly with overuse especially with arms in the overhead position or poor shoulder biomechanics. Can also be due to trauma.
Frozen Shoulder is inflammation and scarring of the capsule surrounding the shoulder joint. It can develop after disuse of the shoulder following pain or a previous injury, as well as due to a chronic health condition, such as diabetes or stroke.