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  • Ischiogluteal Bursitis

    Ischiogluteal bursitis is a result of inflammation of the bursa located between the origin of the hamstring muscle and the ischial tuberosity. It is often a result of a traumatic injury or direct blow to the bursa such as falling on a hard surface.

  • Avulsion Fractures (ASIS, AIIS, Ischial Tuberosity)

    Avulsion Fractures are caused by strong contraction of large muscles, resulting in separation of the bone at the attachment site of the tendon. Symptoms include sharp pain, muscle weakness & walking difficulties.

  • Lower Back Arthritis

    Arthritis literally means inflammation of one or more joints. Arthritis is frequently accompanied by joint pain and is commonly a source of lower back pain. Lower back pain and stiffness may develop from ‘wear and tear’ to the spinal joints and discs.

  • Ankylosis Spondylitis

    This inflammatory arthritic condition commonly affects the sacroiliac joints and causes progressive spinal ankylosing/fusion. Men are more affected than women but the earlier the onset of this condition, the more this disease progresses.

  • Piriformis Syndrome

    The piriformis muscle is located in the gluteal region and is a deep muscle which arises from the sacral bone of the pelvis to the top of the femur at the hip. Piriformis Syndrome is any condition that is a result of pain and tightening of this muscle.

  • SI Joint (Sacroiliac Joint) Injury

    The majority of injuries to the Sacroiliac Joint are due to excessive movement that causes the ligaments and tissue structures supporting the joint to be overstretched. An inflammatory response tends to develop into localised low back pain.

  • Spondylolisthesis, Pars Defect & Stress Fracture

    Spondylolisthesis/ Pars Defect have been shown to be caused by a rapid increase in pressure on the back portion of the vertebra during repetitive movements that involve arching and twisting of the lower back.

  • Canal Stenosis

    The most common causes of Canal Stenosis are a disc protrusion and a narrowed congenital spinal canal. These factors can all lead to inadequate blood supply to nerve roots, which results in a decrease of oxygen to the nerves of the extremities.

  • Compression Fracture

    A Compression Fracture is the name given to a vertebral body that has been fractured, commonly due to a traumatic flexion and axial load being applied to that vertebra. Causes include activities such as horse riding, waterskiing and snowboarding.

  • Facet Syndrome

    Facet Syndrome is commonly associated with traumatic hyperextension type injuries, faulty posture and degenerative changes to the lumbar spine. These types of causes, all produce inflammation to the vertebral joint capsule, leading to lower back pain.

  • Disc Injury (with or without referral)

    A Herniated Disc is a damaged disc, that may bulge or break open. Some common causes are simple movements such as bending forward, twisting, coughing/sneezing, falling and lifting.