A scoliosis is defined as a disorder involving lateral bending and/or rotation of the vertebral bodies of the spine. They usually range from between 10 and 50 degrees of side bending, with less than 7 degrees an incidental finding. It is more common in females than males and the peak age is 10-18. A family history of scoliosis is also very common There are many causes of scoliosis including:
- Compensatory – due to leg length inequalities.
- Postural – muscular imbalances, handedness.
- Congenital disorders
- Post surgery/trauma
- General structural
Signs and Symptoms:
- Progressively worsening pain.
- Rib humping on one side of the spine.
- One shoulder sitting higher than the other.
- Pain worse with exercise.
- Tiredness/stiffness in the back.