A bursa is a closed, fluid-filled sac that functions as a cushion and gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body. Olecranon bursitis is a result of inflammation of the bursa located at the back of the elbow. It is often a result of a traumatic injury or direct blow to the bursa such as falling on a hard surface. Repeated weight bearing or dragging the elbow on a hard surface can also cause increased wear and tear on the bursa which will develop into bursal thickening, inflammation and pain around the bursa.
Signs and Symptoms:
- Generally produces a dull ache in the elbow, which may become sharp pain with movements of the elbow.
- A painful, or sometimes painless egg shaped protrusion at the back of the elbow.
- Extreme difficulty leaning on the elbow when acute.
- Potential history of recent infection.