Foot pronation or commonly known as “flat feet”, is the rolling in of the feet due to the the collapse of the arches. There has been no single cause to foot pronation, but there has been evidence to suggest that anatomical variants of tibial rotation, ligamentous laxity under the arches, leg length discrepancies and weakness/tightness of the calf muscles may contribute to this condition. The excessive degree of rolling in of the feet causes increased stress on the tendons and ligaments in the foot and ankle. The feet play a pivotal role in the stability of the lower limb to the rest of the body. Excessive pronation of the feet will frequently lead to altered lower limb and pelvic biomechanics which increases the risk of injury throughout the body especially during walking and running.
Signs and Symptoms:
- Tension and pain may be felt in the arch and sole of the feet.
- Shoes may wear down faster on the inner side of your shoes.
- Pain may be felt in the ankle, shins, knees, hips and lower back during standing or physical activities such as running and walking.
- Increased tension in the lower leg musculature.